Cerebral palsy is usually associated with events that occur before or during birth, but may be acquired during the first few months or years of life as the result of head trauma or infection.
Cerebral palsy means "brain paralysis", it causes fault development and damage motor areas in the brain, which results in a number of chronic neurological disorders. The symptoms of cerebral palsy (CP) differ from person to person and change as children and their nervous systems mature. The severity of the symptoms is related to the severity of the brain damage.
Symptoms of cerebral palsy can be as simple as having difficulty with fine motor tasks like writing or using scissors, or as profound as being unable to maintain balance or walk. Other common symptoms are speech problems, vision problems, and different levels of paralysis of the limbs. Severely afflicted patients may have involuntary movements, such as uncontrollable hand motions and drooling. Others suffer from associated medical disorders, such as seizures and mental retardation.
What are Cell Therapys?
Cell Therapys are the master cells of the human body. What define Cell Therapys from other cells is their ability to self-generate themselves and the ability to differentiate into other cell types.
Cell Therapys are at the center of a new field of science called regenerative medicine. All Cell Therapys, regardless of their source, have three general properties: they are capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods; they are unspecialized; and they can give rise to specialized cell types.
Self-regeneration is the ability of Cell Therapys to divide and produce more Cell Therapys. During early development, the cell division is symmetrical i.e. each cell divides to gives rise to daughter cells each with the same potential. Later in development, the cell divides asymmetrically with one of the daughter cells produced also a Cell Therapy and the other a more differentiated cell (such as brain cell, blood cell, etc.)
When Cell Therapys are being transplanted into the body and arrive (through migration or through direct injection) into the injured part of the brain being targeted for tissue regeneration, the Cell Therapys are coming into contact with growth chemicals in the body. These chemicals program the Cell Therapys to grow into the tissue surrounding it.
The Type of Cell Therapys we use for Cerebral Palsy treatment
We use 2 main types of Cell Therapys to treat Cerebral Palsy treatment:
Neural Cell Therapys (derived from fetal Cell Therapys) used for: Cerebral Palsy, Brain Injury, Stroke, Degenerative Diseases, and other neurological disorders.
Bone Marrow Cell Therapys (Adult Bone Marrow Cell Therapys extracted from the patient's own bone marrow) Recommended for young patients with a weak immune system.
What are Neural Cell Therapys?
Neural Cell Therapys are self-regenerating, multipotent cells, found in the human brain which have the potential to differentiate into three major cell types: nerve cells (neurons), astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, and to self renew sufficiently to provide adequate number of cells in the brain.
When brain cells are damaged or are dying, due to a disease or an injury, fetal Cell Therapys are the best known source for human neural Cell Therapys.
Since most brain injuries, stroke, degenerative diseases and Demyelinating disorders affect several areas in the brain and not only one, the most effective and safe procedure to deliver neural Cell Therapy into the brain is via a Lumbar Puncture (also called Spinal Tap): a spinal injection in the lumbar area (lower back) into the CSF (Cerebral Spinal Fluid).
During a lumbar puncture, a needle is carefully inserted into the spinal canal low in the back. A small amount of CSF is collected, then mixed with the Cell Therapy fluid and injected back into the CSF.
The CSF circulation (Cerebral Spinal Fluid) goes in and around the brain, separated from the blood circulation by the Blood Brain Barrier. One cycle of the CSF circulation takes between 6-7 hours. Within this time frame the Cell Therapys will flow through the CSF into the brain.
The CSF circulation pathway body position during a lumbar puncture for Cell Therapy injection
Bone Marrow Cell Therapys
Bone marrow Cell Therapys are the most primal cells in the marrow. From them all the various types of blood cells are descended. Cell Therapys from bone marrow can also, under special conditions provided in the laboratory, give rise to non-marrow cells such as neural cells.Beijing Puhua International Hospital Cell Therapy laboratory
Bone marrow cells, unlike other types of Cell Therapys, are available to be extracted from the patient's own body. This availability carry very significant advantages for certain medical conditions: bone marrow cells, when extracted from the patient's own body, have no risk of stimulating the immune system. This advantage is crucial when the patient's immune system is weak.
In medical conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis, certain brain infections, seizers and epileptic disorders or at any condition when the immune system is weak - bone marrow Cell Therapy implantation will be recommended.
The procedure of Bone Marrow culturing and implantation:
On the first week upon the patient's arrival to the hospital, bone marrow is extracted from the patient's hip in a short and simple operation. This procedure is not painful and is done under a local anesthesia. The bone marrow cells are then sent to the lab and being cultures for about 3-4 weeks. In the lab, the cells are being induce into neural Cell Therapys and then cultured to increase their number. The number of Cell Therapys will be depending on the patient's age and the level of his bone marrow activity.
Within a month from the bone marrow extraction, the cells will be injected back into the patients' body via lumbar puncture (spinal injection). (3-4 injections.)
This sentence should read; In the lab, the cells are cultured to increase their number.
All Cell Therapys used at Beijing Puhua International Hospital Hospital come directly from our hospital's own laboratory to the operating room. Our laboratory's purity standards of the cells are higher than those that are used for research. The cells are obtained from donations that are extracted by qualified hospitals and kept in cells banks (similarly to donation of other organs). The cells are then cultured in a lab before implantation.
Strict tests are performed before the cells arrive into the operating room. All Cell Therapys used are checked for gene mutation as well as for a vast array of diseases, such as HIV, HBV, HCV, bacteria, etc.
Self Cell Therapys Activation and Proliferation:
How do the Cell Therapys survive, migrate and proliferate in the brain?
Our Cell Therapy program includes three main elements that are working together to initiate a regeneration process in the patient's brain and functional recovery:
- Cell Therapy implantation
- Daily IV of medicines (intravenous)
- Physical and Occupational therapy
Beijing Puhua International Hospital hospital holds the credit for a unique therapy of medicines, given through 5-7 weeks of daily IV. This formula, individually tailored for each patient's condition, aims at several targets:
To prepare and enhance the microenvironment in the patient's brain, to support and protect the implanted Cell Therapys.
To cause migration of the Cell Therapys to the relevant areas in the brain by creating chemical signalization.
To activate inactive neural Cell Therapy in the patient's brain, allowing them activation, proliferation and then differentiation into mature functional brain cells.
Adult Cell Therapys can be found in different places in our body.
Such adult Cell Therapys are also found in our brain, residing within the periventricular subependymal zone and hippocampus. These cells are multipotent and can give rise to all three types of cells of the central nervous system. However, these Cell Therapys are not active and are used as reserve cells. They exist in our brain as if 'sleeping', waiting for a signal that will 'wake' them into action.
With a certain combination of medicines these Cell Therapys can be "awaken" and start to proliferate, differentiate and produce more brain cells."Wakening up" these "sleeping" neural Cell Therapy is the main goal of the daily IV you will be receiving daily thorough the whole Cerebral Palsy treatment period.
Through several years of applying this cell therapy for a wide range of neurological disorders, this non-invasive and safe treatment has proved itself to be a highly effective for both moderate level and severe level of neurological disorders.
Physiotherapy is an integral part of Cell Therapy therapy. The physical therapy stimulates the new cells in their process of becoming functional cells and has an important role in helping the cell migrating into the injured areas. Our Cerebral Palsy treatment program includes daily sessions of physical and occupational therapy, and as a complementary treatment sessions of professional traditional Chinese medicine such as acupuncture and Chinese manipulation massage.
Our rehabilitation center is placed in a short walking distance from the patients' room for an easy access. Our physiotherapists are all professionally trained and are committed to support patients through the hard work of rehabilitation and educate patients toward better mobility, functionality and recovery.
Inquiries and signing up for treatment:
Our international department team will be happy to answer any questions you may have about the treatment or regarding the specific medical condition of your beloved ones. You may contact us by email or phone. We promise to get back to you as soon as possible.
Send us an enquiry here.
Hospital phone: 86-10-67035566 Ext. 532 OR 335
hospital fax: 86-10-67061799